Linking words (Conseils pour organiser et lier le discours)
If you need to write a discursive essay (an essay where you discuss a subject, give opposite views and conclude with your own opinion) you need to organise your ideas and write in a clear and logical way.
First, you could brainstorm all your ideas - both for and against the subject. This should give you a lot of ideas quickly.
Next, decide which of your ideas are positive and which are negative. Do you have any examples to justify your opinions?
Finally, what do you really think? This will be your conclusion.
It is a good idea to use linking words.
Here is a short list of linking words which should help improve your writing skills. It is not a complete list - but it is enough.
You will see that there are some expressions that you have probably learnt in school, such as "indeed", "moreover", "according to me" which are not actually used very much by English people. Yes - these words exist - but you will not see them used very often. Read a newspaper or a magazine and try to find the word "moreover". You will probably need to read THOUSANDS of words before you find it - so don't use it if you are going to write 150 - 200 words.
Ordonner les idées
First of all ….
Secondly… / also…/ next…
It is obvious that…
What's more....(à eviter:moreover)
Donner des arguments s’opposant à ceux qui sont déjà mentionnés
On the other hand…(à éviter: on the one hand)
Exprimer la consequence
As a result (of this)….
Donner des exemples
Such as….(à éviter: as)
Insister sur un point particulier
In fact…(à éviter: indeed)
It is common knowledge that…
According to … (recent reports/ the latest statistics/ the Government)
Donner son opinion
Personally, I think that… I don’t think that…
In my opinion (à éviter : according to me)
Pour enrichir le style et le lexique de votre rédaction, évitez les répétitions, structurez le discours grâce aux mots de liaisons et prolonger les phrases simples avec les pronoms relatifs : (which, who, whose, where, that)
Donnez deux ou trois exemples concrets, empruntés à des domaines divers: histoire, actualités, expérience personnelle…
Organiser votre rédaction en quatre paragraphes :
• Introduction :
You may paraphrase the question here and you may use rhetorical questions. However you should try to uses synonyms. If you DO copy any part of the question, make sure you do not make any spelling or grammatical mistakes!
• Expand your ideas : give examples.
• Give an opposing opinon.
• Conclusion:Give your personal opinion